What is the last day to contribute to an IRA for 2020?
Taxpayers now have until May 17, 2021, to contribute to their Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), and Coverdell Education Savings Accounts (ESAs), according to a statement by the IRS on Monday, March 29th. Any taxes due on 2020 distributions from IRAs or work-based retirement plans like 401(k)s are also due May 17th.
For those self-employed persons who are sole proprietors, the Solo 401(k) and SEP IRA contribution deadlines are also extended to May 17, 2021, for 2020 contributions.
What does this mean exactly?
It means that you have more time to make contributions to your IRAs, HSAs, and ESAs accounts for 2020. The regular deadline is always April 15th but was extended by the IRS along with other pandemic relief.
The period beginning on April 15, 2021, and ending on May 17, 2021, will be disregarded in the calculation of any interest, penalty, or addition to tax for failure to file the Federal income tax returns or to pay the Federal income taxes postponed by this notice. All penalties begin to accrue on May 18, 2021.
This also postpones the time for reporting and payment of the 10-percent additional tax on amounts includible in gross income from 2020 distributions from IRAs or 401(k)s.
When is the last day I can contribute to an IRA?
You now have until the May 17, 2021 tax deadline to contribute to an IRA, either Roth or Traditional, for the 2020 tax year. The maximum contribution amount for either type of IRA is $6,000, or $7,000 if you are age 50 or older.
Does the extension apply to Solo 401ks and SEP IRAs?
This extension also applies to Solo 401(k) and SEP IRA owners who are sole proprietors. It does not apply to Solo 401(k)s and SEP IRAs who are s-corps, LLC partnerships, or c-corps. However, these Solo(k) and SEP IRA owners can extend their 2020 contribution if they have filed an extension to their company return (the adopting employer of the plan). This requires the filing of an extension of the company tax return. For Solo(k) owners, please refer to 2020 Solo 401(k) Contribution Deadlines: Rules, Steps, and Strategies.
(Also on DirectedIRA.com)
Required Minimum Distributions (RMD) from IRAs can be a burden for taxpayers, by raising your annual income levels and possibly boosting you into a higher tax bracket. Using the Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD) Rule, there is a way for IRA’s to do good. This rule allows IRA owners to exclude their RMDs from their annual income if given to a qualified charitable organization. Essentially, owners can deduct their RMDs on their tax returns if they give the money to a charity. A key benefit to the QCD is you pay zero tax on the distribution. That’s right, it’s a tax free distribution to a charity. You win, the charity wins, and the IRS loses.
Some of the rules and regulations are as follows:
- You MUST be age 70½ or older on the date of the distribution.
- The maximum annual exclusion per individual is $100,000.
- The charity must qualify as a 501(c)(3) organization and be eligible to receive tax-deductible contributions.
- Each check will be made payable to the qualified charity and list your name as donor. Note: You should follow up with the charity directly for a receipt of your donation.
To break it down further, the charitable organization must qualify as a 501(c)(3) organization, which means it is federally tax exempt as a non-profit organization. Of course the owner of the IRA can give a larger sum than $100,00 to the charity of their choosing, though any excess distributions will not be excluded from their Adjusted Gross Income (AGI). It is also very important to obtain a receipt from the selected charity for tax purposes.
Mat has been at the forefront of the self-directed IRA industry since 2006. He is the CEO of Directed IRA & Directed Trust Company where they handle all types of self-directed accounts (IRAs, Roth IRAs, HSAs, Coverdell ESA, Solo Ks, and Custodial Accounts) which are typically invested into real estate, private company/private equity, IRA/LLCs, notes, precious metals, and cryptocurrency. Mat is also a partner at KKOS Lawyers and serves clients nationwide from its Phoenix, AZ office.
He is published regularly on retirement, tax, and business topics, and is a VIP Contributor at Entrepreneur.com. Mat is the best-selling author of the most widely used book in the self-directed IRA industry, The Self-Directed IRA Handbook: An Authoritative Guide for Self-Directed Retirement Plan Investors and Their Advisors.
From my article on Entrepreneur.
The coronavirus stimulus bill signed into law on March 27 creates new exceptions that allow 401(k) and IRA owners affected by the pandemic to tap into their retirement accounts early. The new law increases the dollar amount you can loan yourself from your own 401(k) from $50,000 to $100,000 and also creates a penalty-free early distribution rule whereby IRA or 401(k) account owners under age 59-and-a-half can take a penalty-free retirement account distribution of up to $100,000. Read the article on Entrepreneur here.
Are you growing your business? Adding new products or services? New locations? Adding partners or owners? If so, these are all instances when you should consider setting up a subsidiary or other new entity for your existing company. While you can run multiple streams of business through one entity, there are tax, asset protection, and partnership reasons why you may want to open up a new subsidiary entity for your new activity.
Let’s run through a few common situations when it makes sense to open up a subsidiary entity. And by subsidiary, I mean “a new entity which is owned wholly or partly by your primary business entity or by a common holding company.” Your new subsidiary could result in a parent and child relationship where your primary entity (parent) owns the new subsidiary entity (child), or it could be a brother and sister type structure where the primary business is a separate entity (brother) to the new entity (sister) and the two are only connected by you or your holding company that owns each separately and distinctly. (See the diagrams below to view the differences.)
I. Adding a New Product or Service
You may want a new entity to separate and differentiate services or products for liability purposes. For example, let’s say you are a real estate broker providing services of buying and selling properties and you decide to start providing property management services. Because the property management service entails more liability risk, a new entity owned wholly by your existing business could be utilized. The benefit of the new subsidiary is that if anything occurs in the new property management business, then that liability is contained in the new subsidiary and does not go down and affect your existing purchase and sale business. On the other hand, if you ran the property management services directly from the existing company without a new subsidiary and a liability arose, then your purchase and sale business that is running through the same entity would be effected and subject to the liability.
For tax purposes, in this instance, the income from the new subsidiary entity (child) will flow down to the parent entity without a federal tax return, and as a result, there is no benefit or disadvantage from a tax planning standpoint.
II. Opening a New Location
What if you’re establishing a new retail or office location for your business? Let’s say you are a restaurant opening up your second location. For asset protection purposes, you should consider setting up a second entity for the new location. This can limit your risk on the lease (don’t sign a personal guarantee) for the new location or for any liability that may occur at the new location. In this instance, if one location fails or has liability, it won’t affect the other location as they are held in separate entities. The saying goes, “don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” In this case, the basket is the same entity and the locations are your eggs. In the multiple location scenario, you should consider the brother-sister subsidiary structure such that each location is owned in a brother-sister relationship (e.g. neither owns the other) and their common connection is simply the underlying company (or person) who owns each entity for each location. Because both locations have risk it is useful for each to have their own entity and not to own each other (as can occur in the parent-child subsidiary). When structured in a brother-sister relationship, the liability for each location is contained in each subsidiary entity and cannot run over into the other subsidiary entity (the sibling entity) or down to the owner (which may be you personally or your operational holding company).
For tax purposes, the brother and sister subsidiary income (usually single member LLCs) flows down to the parent or primary entity where a tax return is filed (usually an S-Corp). (See the diagram below for an illustration.)
III. Adding a New Partner
Maybe you’re starting a new business or operation where you have a new partner involved. If this partner isn’t involved in your other business activities or your existing company, it is critical that a new entity be established to operate the new partnership business. If you have an existing entity where you run business operational income (e.g., an S-Corporation), then this entity may own your share of the new partnership entity (e.g., an LLC) with your new partner. Your share of the new partnership income flows through the partnership to your existing business entity where you will recognize the income and pay yourself. In this instance, your existing entity is the parent and the new partnership is a partial-child subsidiary. The new partnership entity will typically file a partnership tax return.
IV. California Caveat
Because of gross receipts taxes in California, you may use a Q-Sub entity model where the subsidiary entity is actually another S-Corporation and is called a Q-Sub. This is available only when the parent entity is an S-Corporation and can avoid double gross receipts tax at the subsidiary and parent entity level.
Make sure you speak to your tax attorney for specific planning considerations as there are asset protection and tax considerations unique to each business and subsidiary structure.